Biodiesel Implementation in Indonesia
Fuel is one of the main sources from the Earth that we exploit and use daily. Fuels consist of two kinds, fossil fuels, and biofuels. Fossil fuels are non-renewable energy that is made of animals remain which was buried for thousand of years below the Earth. Fossil fuels are the ones we have known and use daily even from centuries back. Oil consumption increases continuously by centuries and its production are limited and would be dried out in near future, especially in Indonesia which was predicted the fossil fuels will be dried out before 2050. Meanwhile, Indonesia has a great potential for biomass or renewable sources to be utilized for Biodiesel and Bio-ethanol production, especially coming from Palm Oil.
To become biofuels as renewable energy, the palm oil has gone into several processes from the fruit in plantation, to oils in the mills then refined in refinery which then processed to become biofuels. All these processes hold very important place in the Indonesian economy. Moreover, the biodiesel produced will always follow the new technology to make a better quality of biofuels.
Biodiesel from palm oil is already produced in Indonesia where the bio-ethanol still on the development state. Biodiesel is known to have higher Cetane Number compared to regular petroleum-based Diesel which enhances combustion and more fuel efficiency. Further, Biodiesel does not contain Sulfur and hence it can produce lower carbon Emission.
Currently Indonesia Government is implementing Biodiesel Mandatory program with 30% blending or B30. This means the Diesel oil, Bio Solar, consumed throughout Indonesia contains 30% of Biodiesel and 70% Petroleum based Diesel. With no Sulfur content, it is believed that the use of Biodiesel would make engine cleaner and has better performance and these would make the engine durability improves.
The main challenge facing the program is the distribution. As we know, Indonesia consists of more than ten thousand islands and it needs good and timely plan to make the Bio Solar reach each and every part of the engine that uses it. The other challenge is for the engine manufacturer to adjust their engine to be adaptable to the Biodiesel blending. We are all in favor for cleaner air, less carbon emission, friendlier environment, for better live condition for all. And to achieve this, we need all parties concern to come together to agree to use Biodiesel with higher blending in the future.
Let’s start from little steps and one by one to apply this massive change to nurture our Earth for better years in the future. For next generations to come with a better Earth and quality place to live in. By using biodiesel could help and save many lives and futures, here is the new future!